Calculate an Annuity’s Present and Future Values

future value of an ordinary annuity

In this example, the future value of the annuity due is $58,666 more than that of the ordinary annuity. However, there is a third category that is becoming increasingly common, called “indexed annuities,” which combines aspects of both. Given this information, the annuity is worth $10,832 less on a time-adjusted basis, so the person would come out ahead by choosing the lump-sum payment over the annuity. Present value calculations can also be used to compare the relative value of different annuity options, such as annuities with different payment amounts or different payment schedules.

Calculate the Present and Future Value of an Ordinary Annuity

future value of an ordinary annuity

There are also implications whether the annuity payments are made at the beginning of the period or at the end. The future value of an annuity is the value of a group of recurring payments at a certain date in the future, assuming a particular rate of return, or discount rate. As long as all of the variables surrounding the annuity are known such as payment amount, projected rate, and number of periods, it is possible to calculate the future value of the annuity.

  • This can be particularly important when making financial decisions, such as whether to take a lump sum payment from a pension plan or to receive a series of payments from an annuity.
  • So, let’s assume that you invest $1,000 every year for the next five years, at 5% interest.
  • Again, please note that the one-cent difference in these results, $5,801.92 vs. $5,801.91, is due to rounding in the first calculation.
  • Present value tells you how much money you would need now to produce a series of payments in the future, assuming a set interest rate.
  • In this section, you can learn how to use this calculator and the mathematical background that governs it.


An annuity due, by contrast, is a series of recurring payments that are made at the beginning of a period. You might want to calculate the future value of an annuity, to see how much a series of investments will be worth as of a future date. This is done by using an interest rate to add interest income to the amount of the annuity.

  • As a result, they are commonly used by retirees to guarantee themselves a steady income for the rest of their lives.
  • Payments from this type of annuity are postponed and are dependent on market conditions so may fluctuate.
  • Using the previous inputs, fill in the interest rate of 0.05, the time period of 3 (years), and payments of -100.
  • Julia Kagan is a financial/consumer journalist and former senior editor, personal finance, of Investopedia.
  • This calculator helps individuals determine their net worth by subtracting their liabilities from their assets, giving a snapshot of their financial health.

Annuity Calculator

When calculating future values, one component of the calculation is called the future value factor. The future value factor is simply the aggregated growth that a lump sum or series of cash flow will entail. For example, if the future value of $1,000 is $1,100, the future value factor must have been 1.1.

future value of an ordinary annuity

For example, a present value of $1,000 today may be equal to the future value of $1,200 today. Though it may not seem like much of a distinction, there may be considerable differences between the two when considering what interest is accrued. Mortality and Expense Fee–This is a fee the insurance company charges for providing lifetime income and a death benefit during the accumulation phase. In general, a person purchasing an annuity at a younger age will benefit from reduced mortality fees.

An annuity is a fixed sum of money that will be paid to a person or party in the future at regular intervals. In most cases, an annuity will be paid annually to the intended party for the rest of their life. When people discuss annuities, they’re often referring to an investment product offered by insurance companies. Note that you do not end up with the same balance of $3,310 achieved under the ordinary annuity. Placing the two types of annuities next to each other in the next figure demonstrates the key difference between the two examples.

Are annuity a good investment?

When surrendering annuities, other penalties may also be applied, such as a 10% IRS penalty. An immediate annuity involves an upfront premium that is paid out from the principal fairly early, anywhere from as early as the next month to no later than a year after the initial premium is received. This means that, for the most part, immediate annuities will future value of an ordinary annuity not have accumulation phases. An immediate annuity primarily serves as a great way to guarantee a fixed stream of predictable income for retirement. Immediate annuities are most popular among people who are already retired, are retiring in the near future, want to receive a steady payout for life, or who like the idea of guaranteed predictability.

  • You could simply plug in the below future value of an ordinary annuity formula into a spreadsheet.
  • After customizing your annuity and making your first deposit, you may want to define the future value of the annuity.
  • In contrast, MYGAs pay a specific percentage yield for a certain amount of time.
  • As a result, annuities can act as a sort of insurance for guaranteed income in retirement.
  • Earnings in annuities grow and compound, tax-deferred, which means that the payment of taxes is reserved for a future time.
  • An annuity due occurs when payments are made at the beginning of the payment interval.
  • The concept of future value plays a critical role in personal finance, especially when it comes to planning for retirement, savings, or investments.
  • This is usually allowable within the first 10 to 30 days of signing the contract.
  • If your annuity promises you a $50,000 lump sum payment in the future, then the present value would be that $50,000 minus the proposed rate of return on your money.
  • The interest rate can be based on the current amount being obtained through other investments, the corporate cost of capital, or some other measure.
  • For example, if the $1,000 was invested on January 1 rather than January 31 it would have an additional month to grow.
  • This means that, for the most part, immediate annuities will not have accumulation phases.

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